States & Legislation
California | Washington | Florida | Michigan | Nebraska | Arizona | Oklahoma
On November 5, 1996 Proposition 209 (Prop. 209) was voted into law by the people of California as an amendment to the California Constitution. The initiative was approved by a 55% - 45% margin.
On November 3, 1998 Initiative 200 (I-200) was voted into law by the people of Washington State. The Washington State ballot initiative, I-200 sought to end racial preferences, quotas and reverse discrimination by any government entity in Washington State. I-200 passed with 58% of the vote.
- Update on current attempts to alter I-200
Soon after the American Civil Rights Coalition (link to ACRC) introduced the Florida Civil Rights Initiative, Florida Governor Jeb Bush introduced a "One Florida" plan in late 1999 which ended the use of discriminatory racial quotas in Florida government hiring, contracting and state educational admissions. Granted, Florida Governor Jeb Bush's "One Florida" has major loopholes regarding race-blind policies. The Governor's plan is not a total repudiation of racial quotas and preferences, but it is a step in the right direction.
On November 7, 2006 Michiganders voted on Proposal 2 (a.k.a. Michigan Civil Rights Initiative (MCRI)). Like Prop. 209 and I-200, Proposal 2 will end racial preferences, quotas and reverse discrimination by any government entity in Michigan State. The initiative was passed by a 58% to 42% margin.
Nebraskans voted to end state and local government discrimination and preferential treatment on November 4, 2008, as 58 percent said YES on Initiative 424.
On November 2 2010, voters in Arizona approved Proposition 107, which bans the use of preferences based on race, ethnicity, and gender at public colleges and universities, among other institutions. Voters supported the referendum by an overwhelming margin of 60%- 40%.
State Question 759 is a constitutional amendment that will appear on the November 6, 2012 ballot asking voters if the Oklahoma government should be allowed to continue to grant preferential treatment to, or discriminate against, any group or individual on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity or national origin in 3 specific areas: public employment, public education, or public contracting. Click here for more information...
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